Meteorologists use a variety of scientific techniques to understand, interpret, observe and predict the earth’s atmosphere and its phenomena.

    They use computerized and mathematical models to make short and long-range forecasts concerning weather and climate patterns. A variety of organizations use meteorological forecasts including:

    • aviation industry;
    • the shipping and sea fishing industries and sailing organizations and offshore companies;
    • the armed forces;
    • government services, e.g. for advice on climate change policy;
    • farmers;
    • public services;
    • the media;
    • industry and retail businesses;
    • insurance companies;
    • health services.



    • recording and analyzing data from worldwide weather stations, satellites, radars and remote sensors
    • interpreting observations from the land, sea and upper atmosphere
    • providing customers (such as civil aviation companies, broadcast companies and military units) with weather reports/forecasts
    • employing mathematical and physical formulae and using computer modelling applications to help make long and short range weather predictions
    • researching and predicting climate change
    • helping to improve weather prediction models
    • writing research papers, reports, reviews and summaries
    • keeping up to date with relevant scientific and technical developments



    To become a meteorologist you must have a degree although it doesn’t need to be in meteorology. Other acceptable subjects include:

    • computer science/software engineering;
    • environmental sciences;
    • mathematics;
    • ocean science;
    • physical geography;
    • physics and physical sciences.



    • good problem-solving ability;
    • mathematical and computing ability;
    • attention to detail and accuracy;
    • ability to write scientific reports;
    • a team-orientated approach to work;
    • the ability to interact with a range of people – especially important in the more commercial, customer-orientated environment of operational forecasting;
    • adaptability;
    • enthusiasm and a genuine interest in meteorology and the environment.