Meteorologists use a variety of scientific techniques to understand, interpret, observe and predict the earth’s atmosphere and its phenomena.
They use computerized and mathematical models to make short and long-range forecasts concerning weather and climate patterns. A variety of organizations use meteorological forecasts including:
- aviation industry;
- the shipping and sea fishing industries and sailing organizations and offshore companies;
- the armed forces;
- government services, e.g. for advice on climate change policy;
- public services;
- the media;
- industry and retail businesses;
- insurance companies;
- health services.
- recording and analyzing data from worldwide weather stations, satellites, radars and remote sensors
- interpreting observations from the land, sea and upper atmosphere
- providing customers (such as civil aviation companies, broadcast companies and military units) with weather reports/forecasts
- employing mathematical and physical formulae and using computer modelling applications to help make long and short range weather predictions
- researching and predicting climate change
- helping to improve weather prediction models
- writing research papers, reports, reviews and summaries
- keeping up to date with relevant scientific and technical developments
To become a meteorologist you must have a degree although it doesn’t need to be in meteorology. Other acceptable subjects include:
- computer science/software engineering;
- environmental sciences;
- ocean science;
- physical geography;
- physics and physical sciences.
- good problem-solving ability;
- mathematical and computing ability;
- attention to detail and accuracy;
- ability to write scientific reports;
- a team-orientated approach to work;
- the ability to interact with a range of people – especially important in the more commercial, customer-orientated environment of operational forecasting;
- enthusiasm and a genuine interest in meteorology and the environment.