Electronics engineers work in a rapidly advancing profession that is key to the development of the world’s IT. Electronics engineers design, develop and test components, devices, systems or equipment that use electricity as part of their source of power. These components include capacitors, diodes, resistors and transistors.
You may be involved at any stage of a project including the initial brief for a concept, the design and development stage, testing of prototypes and the final manufacture and implementation of a new product or system.
Types of electronic engineering
You could specialize in a particular sub-field of electronic engineering such as:
- control engineering;
- signal processing;
- telecommunications engineering.
Employers of Electronic Engineers
- Telecommunications providers – mobile phones, radio, TV and satellite companies
- Manufacturers and providers of PCs, tablets and ATM machines
- Scientific research – acoustics, optics, physics and nanotechnology
- Medical device and medical instrument manufacturers
- Aviation and aerospace companies
- The manufacturing sector – programmable logic controls (PLCs) and industrial machinery developers
- using a mix of science and maths, along with engineering techniques, to design, produce, install and maintain telecommunications systems
- designing and managing equipment used to control and monitor processes, systems and machinery in many different areas
- using and designing systems to control pressures and temperatures and to manage waste in manufacturing industries
- writing specifications and drawing up theoretical designs to create user-friendly interfaces
- planning projects and preparing and managing budgets
- writing technical reports and keeping up to date with developments in technology and regulations
- evaluating operational systems and recommending design modifications to eliminate causes of malfunctions or changes in system requirements
- using computer-assisted engineering (CAE) and design software and equipment to perform engineering tasks
There are routes into an electronic engineering career for both university graduates and school leavers. Graduates will need an engineering degree and, while undertaking an MEng in electronic engineering is the most obvious route.
Most electronics engineers have a degree in electrical or electronic engineering. Other relevant subjects for entry into the profession include:
- aeronautical engineering;
- communications engineering;
- computer/software/computer science engineering;
- mechanical engineering;
- physics and applied physics;
- production and manufacturing engineering.
- a high level of technical knowledge and IT skills;
- strong analysis and practical problem-solving abilities to improve designs;
- oral, written and diagrammatic communication skills, with the ability to translate complex ideas into clear concepts;
- creativity, innovation and attention to detail;
- strategic thinking and commercial awareness of the industry you’re in;
- organisation, project management and leadership skills;
- the ability to work in a multidisciplinary team with other engineers;
- an understanding of electrical health and safety legislation.